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APS News Articles 2005

Physicists describe strange new fluid-like state of matter
University of Chicago physicists have created a novel state of matter using nothing more than a container of loosely packed sand and a falling marble. They have found that the impacting marble produces a jet of sand grains that briefly behaves like a special type of dense fluid.Needing very fast, non-invasive tracking of the interior of the sand, the group used used high-speed x-ray radiography taken at 5,000 frames per second, the fastest ever at the Advanced Photon Source.

Grants fund collaborations by Argonne and U. of C. scientists using the APS
Photo: UofC_logoThe University of Chicago’s Board of Governors for Argonne National Laboratory has selected seven proposals for 2005 Collaborative Research Seed Grants. Several of these proposals will utilize the unique properties and capabilities of the Advanced Photon Source.

Investigating the effects of nanoparticles on the environment
A University of Georgia research team has received funding from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to take a close look at something 100,000 times smaller than the width of a hair; something that offers great promise for major advances in medicine, manufacturing, electronics and other areas of science. The researchers will use advanced x-ray microprobes at the Advanced Photon Source and the National Synchrotron Light Source.

Clipping of Chicago TribuneThe Chicago Tribune sees the “wonder” in APS
Ever wonder what the editors of the Chicago Tribune think of the Advanced Photon Source (APS)? Wonder no more.

Two from HP-CAT win Balzan Prize
Russell J. Hemley and Ho-kwang (David) Mao (both Carnegie Institution of Washington/Carnegie/DOE Alliance Center and the High-Pressure Collaborative Access Team, APS sector 16) are recipients of the 2005 International Balzan Foundation Prize for Mineral Physics.

GM/CA-CAT dual canted undulatorsGM/CA-CAT dual canted undulators in R&D Magazine
Government officials dedicated three new beamlines at the Advanced Photon Source this past June. The exciting part of the event was the announcement of the type of new [GM/CA-CAT] beamlines that were being dedicated… the new designs allow increased automation, additional experimental stations, and finer x-ray beams.

Business facilities magazine ranks Illinois top state in the nation for biotechnology (Aug. 2)
In another strong indication of the emerging bioscience industry throughout the state, Gov. Rod R. Blagojevich announced today that Business Facilities Magazine’s July edition has ranked Illinois the top state in the nation for biotechnology… Core facilities include Argonne National Laboratory – [which] operates state-of-the-art research facilities, including the $20 billion [sic] Advanced Photon Source.

Australian synchrotron collaborates with Advanced Photon Source (Aug. 2)
The Minister for Innovation for Australia, John Brumby, today announced Australia’s international synchrotron links would be further strengthened by the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding on scientific collaboration with the Advanced Photon Source- America’s largest and most powerful synchrotron.

 WINNING TEAM – The award-winning X-ray lenses were created in this lab. The developers and customers are pictured clockwise, from front center: Al Macrander, Chian Liu, Jörg Maser, Ray Conley, Brian Stephenson and Hyon Chol Kang.Three APS employees win R&D 100 Award (July 11)
Three APS employees have won an R&D Magazine award for developing new multi-layer lens wafers for x-ray lenses that will help focus x-ray beams to the nanometer scale.

PROTEIN STRUCTURE – This image sows the structure of a protein from a pro-phage integrated into genome of Bacillus cereus. The function of the protein is unknown, but the structure suggests that it may be involved in DNA binding or transfer. The protein structure was determined at the Midwest Center for Structural Genomics by Rongguang Zhang and Grazyna Joachimiak.$50 million grant will aid studies of protein structures (Jul. 1)
Proteins are the molecular machines that make growth possible, and understanding their structure is key to developing pharmaceuticals. A new window to that understanding is being made possible under a $50 million grant to the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory.

Structural GenomiX Receives $48.5 Million Award From NIH
Structural GenomiX, Inc., which operares SGX-CAT on sector 31 of the Advanced Photon Source, announced receipt of a $48.5 million National Institutes of Health Cooperative Agreement Award from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences. The award is one of ten the NIH announced today as part of its Protein Structure Initiative (PSI), which aims to facilitate the discovery of the three-dimensional structures of proteins to help reveal their role in disease and aid in the design of new medicines.


New Beamlines Dedicated At Argonne (Jun. 29)
Photo of Smith and Gibson with beamiline equipment.Structural biologists will soon have access to the latest advances in synchrotron technology. At a ceremony dedicating three new beamlines on June 27 at the Advanced Photon Source, researchers toured facilities and watched demonstrations of instrumentation and experimental methods that hold promise for breakthroughs in medical research.

Researchers Debut New X-Ray Resources for Studying Molecules (Jun. 24)
GM/CA CAT goniometry with on-axis visualizationSoon scientists at the Advanced Photon Source will test-drive what many call the "Ferrari" of synchrotron beamlines — high-tech research facilities for imaging molecules. During a dedication ceremony on Monday, June 27, researchers will tour the facilities and watch experimental demonstrations on one of three new beamlines that promise to speed medical research.

APS, CNM, ANL to Receive $3M for Fuel Cell Research (Jun. 20)
$2.3 million over three years for basic science studies that may lead to improved catalysts for hydrogen fuel cells. The funding, from the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Basic Energy Sciences, will be used to study the molecular basis of catalysis, with a particular interest in the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells.

Two from APS Receive U. of C. Distinguished Performance Award (Jun. 17)
Wah-Keat Lee and Jin Wang (both ANL-XFD) are among five scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory who have received the 2005 University of Chicago Board of Governors for Argonne Distinguished Performance Award, which recognizes outstanding scientific or technical achievements or a distinguished record of achievements.

Argonne's big plans, for the very, very small (May 06)
Artist's Concept of Argonne Center for Nanoscale MaterialsSome of the world’s top physicists, chemists, engineers and an assortment of politicians and civic leaders gathered Friday, May 6, at Argonne National Laboratory for a cornerstone-laying ceremony at the new Center for Nanoscale Materials. The $72 million center is funded by the state and U.S. Department of Energy. Read the text of Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman's remarks at the CNM dedication ceremony.

The nano-revolution continues at Argonne (May 02)
Artist's Concept of Argonne Center for Nanoscale MaterialsFederal and state officials will visit Argonne National Laboratory May 6 to participate in a cornerstone-laying ceremony for the Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM). The CNM, which is currently under construction, is a joint DOE-State of Illinois project to provide basic nanoscale research that will lead to industrial and commercial applications that can benefit Illinois and the country.

APS Science 2004 (May 1)
APS Science 2004, the annual report of the APS, is now available. APS Science features articles on APS research that are written for the interested public as well as the synchrotron x-ray and broader scientific communities, potential users, and funding agencies.

Schmahl, Kirz to Receive Compton Award for Contributions to X-ray Microscopy (Mar. 1)
Image of Compton AwardThe Advanced Photon Source (APS) and APS Users Organization (APSUO) are very pleased to announce that the 2005 Arthur H. Compton Award will be given to Günter Schmahl and Janos Kirz for pioneering and developing the field of x-ray microscopy using Fresnel zone plates.

Lightsources.org logoA Web Site about the International Light Source Community (Feb. 17)
On February 17, 2005, the international light source community, including the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory, launched the first website dedicated to providing the media, general public, and scientific community with the latest news and information about and from the world’s accelerator-driven light sources (synchrotrons and free-electron lasers) and about the science carried out by users of these facilities.

Philip Coppens Awarded Seventh IUCr Ewald Prize (Feb. 9)
Photo of Philip CoppensThe International Union of Crystallography (IUCr) has announced that Professor Philip Coppens (Distinguished Professor, State University of New York at Buffalo) has been awarded the seventh Ewald Prize "for his contributions to developing the fields of electron density determination and the crystallography of molecular excited states, and for his contributions to the education and inspiration of young crystallographers as an enthusiastic teacher by participating in and organizing many courses and workshops."


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